What is heresy in such an intelectual (or anti-intelectual) environment? 18 Qeo.n ouvdei.j e`w,raken pw,pote monogenh.j qeo.j o` w’n eivj to.n ko,lpon tou/ patro,jÃ evkei/noj evxhgh,satoÅ (John 1 TRE) The Syriac Peshitta is 5th century but was translated from the Hebrew is the 1st or second century it is believed. Most people a Trinitarians for reasons other than logical deductions made from the Scripture. Before the Reformation, major figures had indicated the ecclesial plurality of interpreters…When Vatican II speaks of the church having an ‘ultimate judgment’ (DV 12) it clearly eschews a monopolistic claim that the magisterium is the sole organ of interpretation, which is confirmed both by the century-old official promotion of Catholic biblical studies and the recognition in DV 12 of the role of exegesis in the maturing of magisterial teaching” (ApC 407). And objectively, an observer could say “these aren’t Christian teachings!”. 28 You heard that I said to you, I am going away and I am coming [back] to you. If all of the Scriptural passages were omitted which speak about the authority of the visible Church generally or of St. Peter specifically, there would still be the bare fact of the Catholic Church’s existence. 1 Do not let your hearts be troubled. So the holy spirit and the Son are not co-equal and are different beings. Your “under dispute” is under dispute. Compare the following references: (a) God was speaking through the human author—Ex. Hence, your original translation leads the reader to believe that the action of the prayer itself was fine and noble, and his belief in the resurrection merely prompted the prayer. Literally aqanasian means ‘without death’. This study discusses the tests of canonicity that were used, the history of canonization and a brief explanation of why certain disputed books are not scripture. 3. But, in reality, how many Protestants actually do that? The 39 books of the Old Testament form the Bible of Judaism, while the Christian Bible includes those books and also the 27 books of the New Testament. This was one of Sir Isaac Newton’s anti trinity arguments. When Athanasius wrote in A.D. 367 he cited the twenty-seven books of the New Testament as being the only true books. It only means that the only doctrines we can be certain of are revealed in the Scripture. So God sent Jesus forth, and God himself remained entirely in heaven whilst Jesus was on the earth. 18 Qeo.n ouvdei.j e`w,raken pw,pote\ monogenh.j qeo.j o` w’n eivj to.n ko,lpon tou/ patro.j evkei/noj evxhgh,satoÅ (John 1 NA27) So Protestants had better be getting the canon right, or they’re in serious doctrinal trouble (as they deny doctrines that they should affirm). What were the factors that led to the recognition of a New Testament canon as we have it today? 67 Charles C. Ryrie, Basic Theology, Victor Books, Wheaton, IL, 1987, electronic media. In short, Marcion’s heresy is about trying to de-Judaize the Gospel, and this heresy leads him to try to purge the Scriptures of all of their Jewish elements. F. F. Bruce, The Canon of Scripture (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1988), 117-269. Did the book give internal evidence of inspiration, of being God breathed? You cannot take anybody else’s word for it. That said, if the Church/Peter passages didn’t exist, it would seem that both sides of the debate would have arguments that are basically circular: I accept the Church because the Church says so, and you don’t because you don’t recognize the authority of the Church when she says so. In Matthew 23:35, Jesus said, “that upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.” The murder Jesus spoke of is recorded in 2 Chronicles 24:20-22. The pre-Reformation Church focused almost exclusively upon making sure that everyone arrived at the fullness of the orthodox Catholic faith. 18 God no one has seen at any time; only-begotten god the (one) being into the bosom of the Father that (one) explained. 24 God is a Spirit, and those worshiping him must worship with spirit and truth. If Jesus and the earliest Christians were concerned about making sure that everyone ended up at the same place (orthodoxy), the Reformers’ emphasis is ensuring that everyone departs from the same place. was a 1966 graduate of Dallas Theological Seminary and a former pastor of 28 years. In fact, both Peter and Paul set this example in their final letters.2 Peter 1:12-2:1 goes into detail how Scripture, not a bishopric or a live in tradition, is the safeguard against false prophets. The son was not God of the father. Ryrie summarizes these issues as follows: 1. I’d agree that “the general lived experience of the Church” is the chief means believers understand correct doctrine. Doctrine is not faith, therefore doctrine is secondary. 24 Next, the end, when he hands over the kingdom to his God and Father, when he has brought to nothing all government and all authority and power (1 Corinthians15). We are compelled to consider, however, why the Old Testament is the rule of faith, and whether in truth it possesses the authority which the Church has traditionally ascribed to it. And because they are inspired, no other books are; they have a unique divine authority by which we follow in our life and belief what they teach. Once I said here that for Protestants, truth doesn’t matter, and somebody disagreed. 43 Et, facta viritim collatione ad duo milia drachmas argenti, misit Hierosolymam offerri pro peccatis sacrificium, valde bene et honeste de resurrectione cogitans. 62 For an excellent treatment of these evidences, see Josh McDowell’s book, Evidence Demands a Verdict, Historical Evidences for the Christian Faith, Revised Edition, Here’s Life Publishers, Inc. San Bernardino, CA, 1979. And now you’re saying it means we should not extrapolate from the scriptures? 18 God no one hath ever seen; the only begotten Son, who is on the bosom of the Father — he did declare. But they also recognized that other writings of the New Testament were Scripture and on a par with the Old Testament. Perhaps we can appreciate how wealthy the New Testament is in manuscript attestation if we compare the textual material for other ancient historical works. So God and Jesus have two different wills. No one corrupts a text to fit a doctrine that they do not have. Evangelical Protestants have recognized the twenty-seven books of the New Testament as inspired. They also denied the inspiration of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, or John. Is our Old Testament Bible the same as the Lord’s and is our New Testament the same as the Bible of the church fathers? “12:43: after this he took a collection from them individually, amounting to nearly two thousand drachmas, and sent it to Jerusalem to have a sacrifice for sin offered, an action altogether fine and noble, prompted by his belief in the resurrection. 36 Concerning that day and hour nobody knows, neither the angels of the heavens nor the Son, but only the Father (Matthew 24). It is just easier to deny prayers for the dead and Purgatory if you deny that Maccabees is not an inspired book. How they got there – which books of the Bible they read, and how the understood what they read – was of secondary importance, as long as they arrived at the right place. So they have no ‘unity of Godhead’. Even in theory it was an impossibility. Your argument would be self-refuting. This is very important because Christianity does not start by defining God, or Jesus Christ, or salvation. Out of the second of the Maccabees they will prove Purgatory and the worship of saints; out of Tobit satisfactions, exorcisms, and what not. “A name on the church door won’t save you”, that’s what they say about “denominations”. “Heresy” takes the form of a harmless opinion, usually between Protestant sects, or takes the form of Catholic/Orthodox/Coptic/etc. It’s not “my” original translation. Literally, it means (a) a straight rod or bar; (b) a measuring rule as a ruler used by masons and carpenters; then (c) a rule or standard for testing straightness. Prologue to Ecclesiasticus. 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