The temple was first built in 802. Huirang, the temple abbot enjoyed the patronage of Taejo of Goryeo during that king’s reign. [23], Every block was inscribed with 23 lines of text with 14 characters per line. Additionally, there are two small halls on the east and west which house two small libraries. The Temple of Haeinsa and the Depositories for the Tripiṭaka Koreana Woodblocks were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. Carved into 81,258 woodblocks with no known mistakes, corrections or errors, it’s a genuinely amazing achievement. UNESCO added the temple of Haeinsa, the depositories for the "Tripitaka Koreana" Woodblocks, to the World Heritage List in 1995. Before reaching the main temple we passed by this site which at first I honestly had no idea what it … The temple was first built in 802. Therefore, each block, counting both sides, contained a total of 644 characters. The Janggyeong Panjeon in the Temple of Haeinsa, on the slopes of Mount Gayasan, is home to the Tripitaka Koreana, the most complete collection of Buddhist texts, laws and treaties extant, engraved on approximately 80,000 woodblocks between 1237 and 1248. The storage halls known as the Janggyeong Panjeon complex are the depository for the Tripiṭaka Koreana woodblocks at Haeinsa and were also designated by the Korean government as a National Treasure on December 20, 1962. The northern hall is called Beopbojeon (Hall of Dharma) and the southern hall is called the Sudara-jang ("Hall of Sutras"). According to the UNESCO website: "Haeinsa Temple is owned by the Korean Buddhist Jogye Order. [15], The Tripiṭaka Koreana is the 32nd National Treasure of South Korea, and Haeinsa, the depository for the Tripiṭaka Koreana, has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is a movement by scholars to change the English name of the Tripiṭaka Koreana. [17] The UNESCO committee describes the Tripiṭaka Koreana as "one of the most important and most complete corpus of Buddhist doctrinal texts in the world". In September 1951, after the Battle of Inchon, South Korea turned the war around but then North Korea did not retreat so the remnants of one thousand North Korean soldiers around Haeinsa engaged in guerrilla warfare. The blocks were soaked in sea water for three years, then cut and then boiled in salt water. It is the world's most comprehensive and oldest intact version of Buddhist canon in Hanjascript, with no known errors or errata in the 52,330,152 characters which are organized in over 1496 titles and 6568 volumes. Goryeo Tripiṭaka) or Palman Daejanggyeong ("Eighty-Thousand Tripiṭaka") is a Korean collection of the Tripiṭaka (Buddhist scriptures, and the Sanskrit word for "three baskets"), carved onto 81,258 wooden printing blocks in the 13th century. It is still an active Seon (선, 禪) practice center in modern times, and was the home temple of the influential Seon master Seongcheol (성철, 性徹), who died in 1993. Work on the first Tripiṭaka Koreana began in 1011 during the Goryeo–Khitan War and was completed in 1087. The windows were installed in every hall to maximize ventilation and regulate temperature. [16] The Tripiṭaka Koreana was used as the basis for the modern Japanese Taishō Tripiṭaka. [3] Remarkably, the halls were untouched during the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) and were spared from the 1818 fire that burned most of the temple complex down. The main worship hall was rebuilt in 1818 during the late Joseon (Chosôn) dynasty, on the foundations of the one built a thousand years earlier by Haeinsa's two original monks. The clay floors were filled with charcoal, calcium oxide, salt, lime, and sand, which reduce humidity when it rains by absorbing excess moisture which is then retained during the dry winter months. Haeinsa was burned down in a fire in 1817 and was rebuilt in 1818. The storage complex was built at the highest point of the temple and is 655 meters above sea level. Gayasan, Hapcheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do Province. [9] The act of carving the woodblocks was considered to be a way of bringing about a change in fortune by invoking the Buddha's help. The production of the Tripiṭaka Koreana was an enormous national commitment of money and manpower, according to Robert Buswell Jr., perhaps comparable to the US missions to the Moon in the 1960s. The woodblocks are currently housed in the Haeinsa Temple, which is located in the southeast of Korea (Fig. This entire chapter was a key victory and turning-point in the Hoguk-bulgyo (nation-protecting Buddhism) tradition. Tripitaka Koreana woodblocks, Haein-sa Temple, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province. 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